Dr. Manuel Rigo MD PhD (Palma de Mallorca 1958)


‘Licenciado Medicina y Cirugía’, Universidad Autónoma Barcelona (UAB), 1981

‘Doctor Medicina y Cirugía’ Universidad Córdoba, 2001

Dr Rigo’s first specialty was in Allergy and Clinical medicine however in 1985 he redirected his career to the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation with special interest in Bracing and Physiotherapy for Scoliosis and other spinal deformity conditions, working at the Elena Salvá Institute in Barcelona, Spain.

In 1988, Dr Rigo began collaborating with Dr. Jacques Chêneau, who become Dr Rigo’s mentor.  Their work together led to the to the evolution of the Chêneau Brace.  Dr Rigo further developed 3D bracing concepts and initiated standardization methods, leading to international recognition for his ‘3D Bracing Concept by Rigo’ (also referred to as Rigo-Cheneau type braces).  In 2002, Dr Rigo taught as an Invited Professor at the Bundesfachschule für Orthopädie-Technik Dortmund (BUFA), Germany.

In 1991 Dr Rigo commenced teaching on spinal deformities at the Physiotherapy School Gimbernat (Universidad Autónoma Barcelona UAB) until 2017.

Dr. Rigo taught the Schroth method throughout the world from 1989 until 2008 and since then has taught under the name of BSPTS-Concept by Rigo.

BSPTS-Concept by Rigo is an evolution of the original Schroth method, with influences from the French and Italian schools.  It is an approach of Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) that is integrated within a Multidisciplinary Scoliosis Care Team, following a Bio-Psycho-Social Model, working in accordance with evidence-based medicine.

Dr Rigo is one of the founding members of the international Society of Scoliosis Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) and was their first Present in 2006 until 2008.  He was also Associate Editor of Scoliosis Journal, later called Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders, until 2018.

During his whole professional life, Dr. Rigo has been consulting with children, adolescents, adults and their families from around the world, who suffer spinal deformities, in his clinic in Barcelona (Rigo Quera Salvá SLP), Spain.

Dr. Rigo has chaired three main International meetings in Barcelona:

  • SIRER meeting in 1996 (President of Honor, Prof. Alf Nachemson)
  • International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities in 2004 (starting SOSORT)
  • SOSORT meeting in 2011
  • He is one of the Founder Members of the SOSORT and first President (2006-8). Chair of the Educational Committee of the SOSORT (2009-2016)
  • Associated Editor of Scoliosis Journal, later Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders until 2018

2016 SOSORT guidelines: orthopaedic and rehabilitation treatment of idiopathic scoliosis during growth.

Negrini S, Donzelli S, Aulisa AG, Czaprowski D, Schreiber S, de Mauroy JC, Diers H, Grivas TB, Knott P, Kotwicki T, Lebel A, Marti C, Maruyama T, O’Brien J, Price N, Parent E, Rigo M, Romano M, Stikeleather L, Wynne J, Zaina F.

Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 2018 Jan 10;13:3. doi: 10.1186/s13013-017-0145-8. eCollection 2018. Review.

PMID: 29435499 Free PMC Article

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Select item 28331907

Brace technology thematic series: the 3D Rigo Chêneau-type brace.

Rigo M, Jelačić M.

Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 2017 Mar 16;12:10. doi: 10.1186/s13013-017-0114-2. eCollection 2017.

PMID: 28331907 Free PMC Article

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Select item 27525315

Physiotherapy scoliosis-specific exercises – a comprehensive review of seven major schools.

Berdishevsky H, Lebel VA, Bettany-Saltikov J, Rigo M, Lebel A, Hennes A, Romano M, Białek M, M’hango A, Betts T, de Mauroy JC, Durmala J.

Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 2016 Aug 4;11:20. doi: 10.1186/s13013-016-0076-9. eCollection 2016. Review.

PMID: 27525315 Free PMC Article

Emotional indicators in young patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis: a study through the drawing of Human Figure

D’Agata E, Rigo M, Pérez-Testor C, Puigví NC and Castellano-Tejedor C

Scoliosis 2014, 9:24 (12 December 2014)

Select item 25148863

Letter to the editor concerning: «active self-correction and task-oriented exercises reduce spinal deformity and improve quality of life in subjects with mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Results of a randomised controlled trial» by Monticone M, Ambrosini E, Cazzaniga D, Rocca B, Ferrante S (2014). Eur Spine J; DOI:10.1007/s00586-014-3241-y.

Negrini S, Bettany-Saltikov J, De Mauroy JC, Durmala J, Grivas TB, Knott P, Kotwicki T, Maruyama T, O’Brien JP, Parent E, Rigo M, Romano M, Stikeleather L, Villagrasa M, Zaina F.

Eur Spine J. 2014 Oct;23(10):2218-20. doi: 10.1007/s00586-014-3464-y. Epub 2014 Aug 23. No abstract available.

PMID: 25148863

Bracing for scoliosis in 2014: state of the art.

Zaina F, De Mauroy JC, Grivas T, Hresko MT, Kotwizki T, Maruyama T, Price N, Rigo M, Stikeleather L, Wynne J, Negrini S.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2014 Feb;50(1):93-110. Review.

PMID: 24622051 Free Article

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Select item 24622050

Trunk appearance perception scale (TAPS) discrepancy between adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis and their parents influences HRQL


M Rigo, E D’Agata and M Jelacic


Scoliosis 2013 8(Suppl 1):O55

Published on: 3 June 2013

Conservative treatment of juvenile with Chiari I malformation, syringomyelia and scoliosis. Two case reports


M Rigo, B Janssen, R Campo and L Tremonti


Scoliosis 2013 8(Suppl 1):O52

Published on: 3 June 2013

Comparison between subjective perception of trunk deformity (TAPS) and objective assessment of back asymmetry (surface topography)


M Rigo and E D’Agata


Scoliosis 2013 8(Suppl 1):O9

Published on: 3 June 2013

What is the role of self-esteem in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis under a conservative treatment?


E D’Agata, C Pérez-Testor, S Negrini and M Rigo


Scoliosis 2013 8(Suppl 1):O60

Published on: 3 June 2013

Actual evidence in the medical approach to adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.

Negrini S, De Mauroy JC, Grivas TB, Knott P, Kotwicki T, Maruyama T, O’Brien JP, Rigo M, Zaina F.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2014 Feb;50(1):87-92. Review.

PMID: 24622050 Free Article

2011 SOSORT guidelines: Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation treatment of idiopathic scoliosis during growth

Stefano Negrini, Angelo G Aulisa, Lorenzo Aulisa, Alin B Circo, Jean de Mauroy, Jacek Durmala, Theodoros B Grivas, Patrick Knott, Tomasz Kotwicki, Toru Maruyama, Silvia Minozzi, Joseph P O’Brien, Dimitris Papadopoulos, Manuel Rigo, Charles H Rivard, Michele Romano, James H Wynne, Monica Villagrasa, Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Fabio Zaina

Scoliosis 2012, 7:3 (20 January 2012)

Health related quality of life in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis: a cross-cultural comparison between two methods of treatment


E D’agata, C Pérez-Testor, M Rigo, S Negrini and V Cigoli


Scoliosis 2012 7(Suppl 1):O6

Published on: 27 January 2012

Barcelona Scoliosis Physical Therapy School – BSPTS – based on classical Schroth principles: short term effects on back asymmetry in idiopathic scoliosis


M Jelačić, M Villagrasa, E Pou, G Quera-Salvá and M Rigo


Scoliosis 2012 7(Suppl 1):O57

Published on: 27 January 2012

Psychological changes during one-month course of Barcelona Scoliosis Rehabilitation School (BSRS)


Elisabetta D’Agata, C Pérez Testor and M Rigo Caldito


Scoliosis 2010 5(Suppl 1):O29

Published on: 10 September 2010

Vertebral deformity corrected by bracing: retrospective selected case series of 10 scoliosis patients treated with a RSC Brace


Manuel Rigo, Monica Villagrasa and Gloria Quera-Salvá


Scoliosis 2009 4(Suppl 1):O45

Published on: 15 January 2009

Painful adult scoliosis with kyphosant evolution and sagittal anterior trunk imbalance treated with physical therapy techniques: three case reports


M Villagrasa, E Pou, G Quera Salvá and M Rigo


Scoliosis 2009 4(Suppl 2):O65

The geometry of the spine in the sagittal profile: a comparison of girls with and without scoliosis


Manuel Rigo, M Villagrasa and G Quera-Salvá


Scoliosis 2009 4(Suppl 1):O51

Published on: 15 January 2009

Expert-driven Chêneau applications: Description and in-brace corrections.

Weiss HR, Rigo M.

Physiother Theory Pract. 2011 Jan;27(1):61-7. doi: 10.3109/09593985.2010.503991.

PMID: 21198406

Patient evaluation in idiopathic scoliosis: Radiographic assessment, trunk deformity and back asymmetry.

Rigo M.

Physiother Theory Pract. 2011 Jan;27(1):7-25. Review.

PMID: 21198403 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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«Rehabilitation schools for scoliosis» thematic series: describing the methods and results

Manuel D Rigo, Theodoros B Grivas

Scoliosis 2010, 5:27 (24 December 2010)

Terminology – glossary including acronyms and quotations in use for the conservative spinal deformities treatment: 8th SOSORT consensus paper

Theodoros B Grivas, Jean de Mauroy, Stefano Négrini, Tomasz Kotwicki, Fabio Zaina, James H Wynne, Ian A Stokes, Patrick Knott, Paolo Pizzetti, Manuel Rigo, Monica Villagrasa, Hans Weiss, Toru Maruyama, SOSORT members

Scoliosis 2010, 5:23 (2 November 2010

Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace).es) for adolescents with braces

Elisabetta D’Agata, Carles Testor, Manuel Rigo

Scoliosis 2010, 5:15 (15 July 2010)

A specific scoliosis classification correlating with brace treatment: description and reliability.

Rigo MD, Villagrasa M, Gallo D.

Scoliosis. 2010 Jan 27;5(1):1.

PMID: 20205842 [PubMed] Free PMC Article

Free full text Related citations

Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Scoliosis Questionnaire for adolescents wearing braces


E Alomar, JA Castillo, E D’Agata, C Pérez Testor and M Rigo


Scoliosis 2009 4(Suppl 2):P3

Published on: 14 December 2009

A new RSC brace design to treat single long thoracic scoliosis. Comparison of the in-brace correction in two groups treated with the new and the classical models


M Rigo and D Gallo


Scoliosis 2009 4(Suppl 2):O46

Published on: 14 December 2009

The chêneau concept of bracing–actual standards.

Weiss HR, Rigo M.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2008;135:291-302.

PMID: 18401099 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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The Chêneau concept of bracing–biomechanical aspects.

Rigo M, Weiss HR.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2008;135:303-19.

PMID: 18401100 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Scoliosis intensive out-patient rehabilitation based on Schroth method.

Rigo M, Quera-Salvá G, Villagrasa M, Ferrer M, Casas A, Corbella C, Urrutia A, Martínez S, Puigdevall N.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2008;135:208-27

Guidelines on «Standards of management of idiopathic scoliosis with corrective braces in everyday clinics and in clinical research»: SOSORT Consensus 2008.

Negrini S, Grivas TB, Kotwicki T, Rigo M, Zaina F; international Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT).

Scoliosis. 2009 Jan 16;4:2. doi: 10.1186/1748-7161-4-2

SOSORT consensus paper: school screening for scoliosis. Where are we today?

Theodoros B Grivas, Marian H Wade, Stefano Negrini, Joseph P O’Brien, Toru Maruyama, Martha C Hawes, Manuel Rigo, Hans Weiss, Tomasz Kotwicki, Elias S Vasiliadis, Lior Sulam, Tamar Neuhous

Scoliosis 2007, 2:17 (26 November 2007)

Effect of specific exercises on the sagittal profile of scoliotic spines


M Rigo, G Quera-Salvá, M Villagrasa, M Ferrer and A Casas


Scoliosis 2007 2(Suppl 1):S7

Published on: 12 October 2007

Comparison of three non-invasive devices to assess the sagittal spinal configuration in an heterogeneous population of scoliotic and non scoliotic subjects


Manuel Rigo and M Villagrasa


Scoliosis 2007 2(Suppl 1):S35

Published on: 12 October 2007

Radiation-free quantitative assessment of scoliosis: a multi center prospective study.

Ovadia D, Bar-On E, Fragnière B, Rigo M, Dickman D, Leitner J, Wientroub S, Dubousset J.

Eur Spine J. 2007 Jan;16(1):97-105. Epub 2006 May 17

‘SOSORT consensus paper on brace action: TLSO biomechanics of correction (investigating the rationale for force vector selection)’

M Rigo, S Negrini, HR Weiss, TB Grivas, T Maruyama, T Kotwicki, the members of SOSORT

Scoliosis 2006, 1:11 (20 July 2006)

Physical exercises in the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis at risk of brace treatment – SOSORT consensus paper 2005

Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Stefano Negrini, Martha C Hawes, Manuel Rigo, Tomasz Kotwicki, Theodoros B Grivas, Toru Maruyama, members of the SOSORT

Scoliosis 2006, 1:6 (11 May 2006)

Why do we treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? What we want to obtain and to avoid for our patients. SOSORT 2005 Consensus paper

Stefano Negrini, Theodoros B Grivas, Tomasz Kotwicki, Toru Maruyama, Manuel Rigo, Hans Weiss, the members of the Scientific society On Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT)

Scoliosis 2006, 1:4 (10 April 2006)

Sagittal configuration of the spine in girls with idiopathic scoliosis: progressing rather than initiating factor.

Rigo M, Quera-Salvá G, Villagrasa M.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;123:90-4

Effect of conservative management on the prevalence of surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Rigo M, Reiter Ch, Weiss HR.

Pediatr Rehabil. 2003 Jul-Dec;6(3-4):209-14.

PMID: 14713587 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Related citatio

Radiological and cosmetic improvement 2 years after brace weaning–a case report.

Rigo M.

Pediatr Rehabil. 2003 Jul-Dec;6(3-4):195-9

Retrospective results in immature idiopathic scoliotic patients treated with a Chêneau brace.

Rigo M, Quera-Salvá G, Puigdevall N, Martínez M.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2002;88:241-5.

PMID: 15456042 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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